Passive Fire Protection
Design and Sectorization for PCI Passive Protection
Maintenance according to prestigious guides
Risk analysis and customized solutions
Own Department of Engineering
Collaboration with Certification laboratories
ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 quality certificates
Passive Fire Protection
Passive fire protection has the mission of preventing the emergence of a fire, containing its spread and favoring its extinction. It includes all kinds of materials, systems, techniques, means and conditions integrated in the design and construction of a building.
Passive protection does not act directly against fire. Its function is to isolate, compartmentalize and sectorize, horizontally and vertically, to contain the fire. Likewise, guaranteeing the safe evacuation of people to save lives, and avoiding the inoperability of the establishment are priority objectives.
It can give the impression that passive protection, being related to the construction elements, does not require maintenance. Big mistake. According to current regulations, it is the responsibility of the user to ensure the correct maintenance of the facilities.
maintenance of the facilities.
Structural protection refers to all those systems, materials and products that are applied to the structure of a building to increase its fire resistance and functional stability.
Included in this section are elements or products such as paints, projection mortars and plates, which are applied to the load-bearing structure of the building. Or also pillars, beams, supports, load-bearing walls, false ceilings, floors and enclosures.
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Interior and Surrounding Sectorization
Sectorization is the design of spaces delimited by fire-resistant elements, so that, in the event of a fire, it is confined inside. The aim is to prevent the spread of the flames to other adjoining sectors, and therefore to the rest of the building.
Identifying the areas of special risk in a building, such as lobbies or vertical openings, to divide them up properly, and determining maximum surfaces to limit the spread in case of fire are essential actions in passive prevention.
To ensure that a fire is confined to a controlled area, different fire-resistant construction elements are required to make it possible.
To highlight the doors, floodgates and fire curtains, which are the ones that separate two fire sectors and facilitate the evacuation of people.
Passive fire protection prioritizes four aspects:
- Contain the spread of smoke throughout the building
- Avoid the spread of flames as far as possible
- Minimize the thermal effects of fire
- Keep structural elements stable
Plates and panels to increase fire resistance in walls and enclosures, ventilation and air conditioning ducts, false ceilings, raised floors and the coincidence with other construction elements such as slabs, must receive the optimal preventive treatment. The seals of these enclosures are key.
In the same way, the dividing walls or adjoining walls between buildings must meet certain conditions of sectorization to guarantee security against third parties.